Global warming and rising sea levels

Rising waters are a phenomenon that has increased in recent years due to global warming.

But what is exactly this risk?

Global warming has raised sea levels by about 8 inches since 1880, and the rate of rise is accelerating. Rising sea levels increase the risk of damaging flooding from storm surges.

According to an IPCC report sea level could rise by 1.10m by 2100.

Rising waters are a phenomenon that directly affects coastal cities. In France, cities such as Bordeaux, Rouen, Calais and even Dunkirk are directly threatened by this climatic phenomenon. All the coastal cities in France have 1.4 million inhabitants in 864 municipalities. It is therefore, not an isolated risk.

In the United States, nearly 5 million people live less than 4 feet above high tide, which directly puts you at risk of rising sea levels.

In the 21st century, the rate of sea level rise could be 100 times faster, from 3.6 millimeters per year today to “several centimeters”, and then reach several meters in total by 2300, if none no action has been taken to reduce CO2 emissions.

Coastal planning to cope with rising water

Cities are trying to adapt to rising sea levels by implementing more extensive coastline monitoring. Several options exist to protect the habitat. We can thus cite the installation of dykes, the elevation of housing, the creation of buffer zones, re-silting or even riprap.

Become aware of the risk to better face it

In order to protect yourself against increasingly frequent climatic risks, you must first of all be aware of the risk. Awareness is indeed paramount in protection, because it will allow everyone to take action.

However, awareness of the risk is still low in France. The effects of risk such as those of sea level rise are often invisible and distant.

For a threat to be taken seriously it must be: concrete, immediate and unbearable. However, effective actions against the risk must be taken upstream of the latter and not when it occurs.

However, we note that there is a low awareness of risk in France. Climate risks and specifically those due to global warming such as sea level rise seem abstract and are part of a distant reality.

Thus, according to a study carried out in Palavas les Flots, a French seaside town in 2009, 20% of those questioned declared that they would not leave in the event of rising water.

Similarly, we see that coastal cities continue to attract. According to the National Observatory for the Sea and the Coast, the density of the population on the coast is 25% higher than the national average. In addition and by 2040, 40% of the French population should live in the coastal regions especially around the Mediterranean and on the Atlantic coast.

Rising sea levels are therefore a climatic risk, which must be recognized because it will be a phenomenon for coastal cities which will increase in magnitude for the decades to come and which must be guarded against.

Source: Bilan 2007 des changements climatiques Conséquences, adaptation et vulnérabilité


France, the 15th country most affected by natural disasters

Multiple floods, heat waves, storms, Mediterranean episode, Cevennes rains: France is exposed to numerous natural disasters.

For the past twenty years, France has faced increasingly frequent natural risks. Between flood, storm or heat wave, all these phenomena hit the French territory as well as the population each year.

According to a report made public on Wednesday December 4, 2019 by the German Think Tank Germanwatch, France is in 15th place among the countries most exposed to climate risks. Germany is also included in this ranking and also classified red (11th to 20th country).

Also in red, India, Madagascar, Bangladesh, El Salvador and Haiti.

A heavy record

How to explain this classification?

Since the beginning of the 90s, France has suffered from climatic events of great magnitude as in 1999 with a storm which caused the death of 35 people. In 2010, it was the storm Xynthia, which left their mark causing the deaths of 53 people, as well as extensive property damage.

The floods have also taken their toll, as has not been seen in recent years. Thus, flash floods have caused the death of many people in recent years.

Heavy rains hit L’Aude in 1999, causing 34 deaths. In 2018, the Aude was again hit by major floods. A very heavy record was to deplore, 15 people died, 99 injured and 257 municipalities were recognized in a state of natural disaster (204 in Aude, 29 in Hérault and 24 in Tarn).

The meteorologist Guillaume Séchet, author of the book Météo extreme (Ed. Hugo Image) explains “Because of global warming, it is estimated that France will suffer, by 2100, about 20% more Mediterranean episodes, The waterproofing of the soil being more and more important and the demographic pressure increasing in these regions, the consequences of these extreme phenomena will be more dramatic in the long term than they were a few years ago”.

These increasingly frequent and significant risks in terms of loss of life and property damage also represent a real adaptation challenge for insurers. Indeed, the floods that took place between the end of May and the beginning of June 2016 cost more than 1.4 billion euros. These are therefore the most costly floods since the creation of the natural disaster regime in 1982.

Spatial planning a necessity to face the risk

The resilience of territories and buildings is a theme intrinsically linked to that of natural risk. Indeed, cities have a great role to play in protecting populations and must therefore adapt to the risk. With regard to buildings, their design must be redesigned to meet the requirements imposed by natural hazards. They must therefore be stronger, but also better insulated to cope with the increasingly common heat waves. The Germanwatch NGO estimates that periods of extreme heat will be 100 times more likely than a century ago.

At Ogoxe, resilience is also at the heart of the solutions we develop. Our solutions allow infrastructures to be protected thanks to our real-time alert system.

 

Source: https://germanwatch.org/en/16046


COP25: a disappointing edition

The originally scheduled conference in Brazil finally took place in Madrid from December 2 to 15, 2019 after the withdrawal of host Jair Bolsonaro, President of Brazil.

Lack of ambitions and mixed interests

A mixed agreement that was not unanimous concluded this 25th climate conference.

The closing of the conference had to be postponed many times as the different countries seemed divided on the key topics. “The international community has lost an important opportunity to show greater ambition, “regretted the Secretary General of the United Nations (UN), Antonio Guterres.

The slogan of this 25th edition “time for action” was therefore not respected, since few concrete measures or large-scale agreements were reached.

80 countries have pledged to do more by next year, but they are emerging nations or Pacific islands already threatened with submersion. These countries represent only 10% of global emissions.

Photo call of the leaders during the opening day of Cop25 (source: UN.ORG)

The European Union has also taken a historic decision by announcing its carbon neutrality in 2050. However the large emitters of CO2 (China, India, Brazil, Australia, Japan and especially the United States) have ruled out any additional effort in the state current things. None of its major greenhouse gas emitters have made significant announcements to demonstrate their ambition to meet the challenges of climate change.

Several disappointments punctuated this Cop 25, including the absence of a concrete agreement on the issue of international carbon markets.

The carbon market aims to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases, these gases are indeed responsible for global warming. The carbon market operates on the “polluter pays” principle. Thus, the carbon market consists of making greenhouse gas emitters pay the cost of the nuisance that this represents for the climate. It also allows the least polluting countries to resell allowances to those emitting more

Why is this carbon market having trouble being implemented?

Several points of contention exist:

There is first, the question of “double counting”. Thus, the biggest polluting countries and the oil-producing countries, notably led by Brazil, Saudi Arabia, India and China, are banking on the establishment of a world market with binding rules. They would like, for example, that the payment of the tax be borne by the country selling quotas and by the buying country. However, if this rule is followed emissions are reduced on paper and states pay fewer taxes.

Then there is the question of the fate of the remnants of carbon credits from the 1997 Kyoto Protocol. Europe would like there to be more transparency on the repayment of credits, which are often poorly controlled in the new carbon market. China, India and Brazil hold 60% of these credits.

This question, which has already been the subject of debate at previous conferences, therefore remains pending.

Teresa Ribera, Spanish Minister for the Environment during her speech at Cop25

The Spanish Minister of the Environment Teresa Ribera, summed up this conference with “two visions” very clear. “Those who want to go faster and those who want to hide behind what is not working, so as not to move forward.”

A majority of actions therefore remain pending and tend to be discussed during the 26th edition which will take place in Glasgow at the end of 2020. The Glasgow conference is already highly anticipated.


Ogoxe winner of the "innovation" category of the Septuors Trophies

September 26th 2019, Ogoxe participated at the SEPTUORS Trophies Ceremony, in Tarbes.

This event brings together innovative and dynamic companies as well as regional economic and institutional decision-makers.

Its goals are to promote the knowledge of each region and support innovative projects. As a result, it also helps to boost the emergence of startups while developing the regional economy.

With each new edition, the jury selects three companies in nine categories. Then they choose only one winner in each group. This year, companies were selected according to these 9 different categories:

• Tourism and Territories
• Industry
• Region Special
• Entrepreneur
• Circular economy
• Innovation
• Food
• International
• Special Department

After the jury’s deliberation, Ogoxe had the honor of winning the “innovation” category trophy against two other companies: LeanConnected and Mecamont.

We would like to thank the Septuers 65 for this opportunity.


Ogoxe participates at the Green Innov 65 event

The Green Innov 65 was held at Veolia’s Campus in Tarbes on the 19th of Septembre 2019.

This Southwest Eco-Enterprises Forum brought together the actors contributing to the development of innovations in order to respond to the “energy transition” problem. This event was organized by BIC CRESCENDO with the support of its partners.

The program concentrated on different topics:

“Renewable energy, self-consumption and storage”

“Energy and environmental performance of buildings”.

“Circular economies and the recovery of waste”

“Water and biodiversity”

As well as updates on:

“Hydrogen and Mobility”

“Pyrenees Ambition Territory Project”

“Acele-startup”

Ogoxe is proud to be one of the 13 start-ups to have participated and presented their innovative solutions for the environment. Ogoxe also wish to thank BIC CRESCENDO for this opportunity.


Ogoxe participates in the Mountain Business Summit 2019

This 11th and 12th of June 2019, was held the Mountain Business Summit in Tarbes.

This International Exhibition of the Economy of the Mountain, brings together all the public or private actors contributing to the development, the development and the protection of the mountain. Organized by Abe with the support of Agence AD’OCC and bringing together nearly 200 exhibitors from fifteen countries, the aim of the show is to sell or buy solutions for mountain territories. More than 1500 professional visitors are expected

.

The Occitanie region is composed for more than half of its territory, mountains. This territory is also composed of two massifs, the Pyrenees and the Massif Central, which concern twelve of the thirteen departments and 20% of the population.

Ogoxe exhibits with EDF A river a territory

During the 2 days of the show, Ogoxe was present at the EDF stand to expose its solutions that were used in the EDF dams located in Ariège. The objective was to have resilient hydrological sensors at the strategic points of the dams and then create an alarm in the form of a totem that broadcasts a signal to local residents around the danger zone.


Ogoxe participates in the 2019 Vivatechnology in Paris

From May 16 to 18, Ogoxe was present at VivaTechnology in Paris to present its IoT solutions against the devastating effects of environmental risks.

During these 3 days, the team was able to meet professionals and welcome the public interested in the presented solutions.

VivaTechnology is a very important event that allows start-ups, corporations, investors and governments to meet and exchange.

Having won the Huawei France Challenge whose goal was “Designing an Iot solution for a better urban environment”, the Ogoxe team had the opportunity to exhibit at the Huawei Lab with a dozen innovative startups in various fields. activities.

The selection for the Huawei Lab also allowed Ogoxe to participate in the Digital InPulse Pitch Challenge.The team present on site met; Aileen Robert, CTO and Co-Founder, as well as Coralie-Anne Ramdiale and Manon Métois from the Marketing & Communication department.

Vivatechnology has been very enriching in terms of exchanges and relationships with important players in the international market. Aileen R. and his team had the honor to discuss IoT solutions and more specifically on innovative telecommunications systems with Zhang Minggang, Deputy General Manager of Huawei France.

Several opportunities for future collaboration have arisen; particularly in the field of protection, insurance, investment and international deployment with governments and chambers of commerce of foreign countries.


Salon VivaTech

Ogoxe wins the challenge of Huawei Lab at the Vivatechnology 2019

Ogoxe will be present during the 4th edition of Vivatech which will take place from 16 to 18 May 2019 in Paris

It is with great enthusiasm that the Ogoxe team learned of its success in the challenge 3 organized by Huawei France whose objective was to “Design an IoT Smart City solution for a better urban environment”. Thanks to this challenge, Ogoxe will be able to exhibit during these 3 days on the stand of Huawei Lab.

Meet the members of the Ogoxe team present on site with: Aileen Robert (CTO), Coralie-Anne Ramdiale and Manon Metois (Marketing and Communication).

The fields of application of the Huawei challenge

The solution can include IoT end-to-end devices, applications, or services in areas such as:

  • Smart parking
  • Fleet management
  • Management of micro-mobility (shared bikes or scooters, ..)
  • Coherence and orchestration of several fleets
  • Measuring or reducing the carbon footprint for transportation
  • Transport safety
  • Reduction of energy consumption
  • Improved personal security
  • Measurement of air quality, etc.

But what is the winning solution proposed by Ogoxe?

As a result of climate change, the areas exposed environmental risks and hazards are increasing at an immense rate. During crisis events where electricity cuts and cellular signal outages often occur, the transmission of important warnings or alerts to the public is of great issue.  The Ogoxe iot system is a highly resilient, intelligent and autonomous solution capable of connecting any type of sensor (even already existing), collection of high-definition real-time data for data analytics and AI used for forecasting and the transmission of continuous uninterruptible alerts and warnings when necessary for optimum risk management.

Ultimately, the same platform can be used as an environmental monitoring and management tool to understand the dynamics of the ecosystem and its response to climate change effects. This way, policy and decision makers can better create legislation and decisions for the betterment of the community and foresee development plans in correspondence to the changing climate to reverse its negative impact to the society.

An opening to the 2019 Digital InPulse Contest

Huawei Challenge 3 is also part of the Digital InPulse Contest which is a unique program for French start-ups. Organized by Huawei France, whose partners are Business France, Comité Richelieu and French Tech, this program is an opportunity for young companies to enter the Chinese market.

→ Join us at Huawei Lab, Booth J06-13, and talk to us about the environmental issues and technological advances of today and tomorrow!


surpopulation dans les grandes villes

Here is a new article from our series about climate change and its effects. This time we are going to focus on the cities and their links to this problem.

The rate of urbanization in the world has increased considerably over the last century. In 1950, the urban population represented only 30% of the world’s population. Today 55% of humans around the world are urban according to the UN, which predicts that 68% of humans will live in cities by 2050.

This figure is therefore constantly increasing. Moreover, if the urbanization affected the industrialized countries in the mid-twentieth for the southern countries is now that urbanization explodes. Indeed, according to the same UN report, the urban population will be concentrated on the African continent and Asia and more particularly, in some countries such as India, China or Nigeria.

 

urban cities repartition worldwide

 

In addition, many cities have not been designed to accommodate so many people in such a short time because this growth has been rapid. There is therefore a lack of infrastructures of all kinds (schools, hospitals, roads). This leads to several challenges to manage. How do we create infrastructure sanitation for several million people?

The overpopulation of some cities or their rapid growth has created several problems. We must rethink the management of the city in all areas including:

  • Waste Management
  • Sanitation
  • Access to drinking water and electricity
  • Access to the service
  • Transportation

These are the challenges that large urban centers will have to manage in order to not degrade the quality of life of the inhabitants who occupy them.

Urbanization, the example of Dakar

surpopulation dans les grandes villes

The city of Dakar, capital of Senegal was originally designed to accommodate 300,000 people, now it has 3 million. This strong urban growth is notably due to a large rural exodus. As a result,  public services are overwhelmed and can hardly manage all this human flow that settles daily in the city.

We must therefore completely rethink the urban plan of the city in order to meet the needs of the Dakar’s inhabitants.

Finally, this important urbanization has serious consequences for the environment. For example, air pollution is increasing due to the multiplication of human activities on a small territory. In addition, this concentration of populations, especially in towns located in the lower coastal zone, increases the risk of flooding.

The very large urbanization is therefore a cause of global warming and increased risk. Cities are indeed more vulnerable to risks.

It is therefore necessary to find solutions it is in this context that develops smart cities.

 

The Smart cities, a solution to adapt the city to new challenges

The Smart City, or Smart City has overall objectives, cost optimization, and improving the well-being and quality of life of residents.

The smart city tends to respond to the new societal and environmental issues that we have outlined above, which stem from the consequences of global warming, overpopulation and increasing urbanization.

The goal of a smart city is above all sustainability, but also harmony between people, technology and infrastructure.

The concept of a smart city is rather recent, and stems from the realization that a more sustainable development model must be adopted and that it must go through the cities.

 

Do smart cities constitute replicable solutions for all countries?

From South Korea to Europe, China, India and the Middle East and now Africa many cities are trying to experiment on smart city solutions. However, many questions remain unresolved. Is it possible to develop smart cities on a large scale? Experiments show that some actions developed by smart cities are actually possible on a large scale.

For instance, better waste management through technology is possible. In Melbourne, public garbage bins with detectors will send a message to garbage collection services when it is time to empty them.

Smart cities through the use of innovative technologies therefore, intend to provide solutions to the problems of cities. This generally welcomed initiative, however, is also the subject of some concern and even criticism to a certain extent.

Smart cities are laboratories that some consider unsustainable on a large scale. They do not solve the problem of cities at the national level.

In African cities where these projects are developed, they are even strongly criticized as they seem out of step with the reality of the majority of the inhabitants of these cities. Indeed, these futuristic projects live next to shanty towns where access to running drinking water is not even guaranteed.

One of the most recurrent criticisms concerning smart cities lies in the fact that there is a lack of supervision which makes fear of drifts in terms of security, especially as regards the protection of the privacy of citizens.

The city remains an important actor of global warming. It is a source of many problems and it also remains as an important vector of solutions as we have seen through the example of smart cities which continue to develop to such an extent. By 2050, 7 out of 10 people in the world will live in a smart city.

 

exode climate migrants

Migrants, the first victims of global warming?

Global warming has many visible and invisible consequences. In addition to the multiplication and worsening of natural hazards, some areas of the world are facing new dangers. The consequences of global warming often seem distant or abstract. But the impacts are already visible today and disrupt the lives of millions of people around the world.

Why people are forced to leave their homes ?

With rising temperatures, agriculture is very severely affected. Beyond a certain temperature, there is less yield and harvests are less qualitative. The scarcity of water and rising water levels in some countries in Africa and the Middle East make these populations more vulnerable and push them to leave their country. These people are fleeing to seek more stability as well as climate and economic security. Indeed climate migrants are also affected by economic problems because their livelihoods are thratened by the scarcity of resources, direct consequences of global warming.

Climatic migration in the world
Climatic migration in the world

According to a new World Bank study, the worsening effects of climate change in three densely populated regions of the world could push more than 140 million people to migrate within their own country by 2050.

 

Finding solutions to stop climatic migrations

However, this situation is not inevitable, if important measures and plans and efforts are made by international bodies, the number of internal environmental migrants could fall by 80% or 100 million people. This includes the significant reduction of greenhouse gases.

The report highlights outbreaks of emigration and climate migration, that is, precarious and climate-change-prone areas that are likely to experience large population outflows and territories that will need to accommodate these internal migrants in search of resources. of subsistence and a new life.

Solutions must therefore be found and adopted very quickly to preserve these areas, and thus avoid exile to thousands of people.

The reasons of climatic migration
The reasons of climatic migration