exode climate migrants

Migrants, the first victims of global warming?

Global warming has many visible and invisible consequences. In addition to the multiplication and worsening of natural hazards, some areas of the world are facing new dangers. The consequences of global warming often seem distant or abstract. But the impacts are already visible today and disrupt the lives of millions of people around the world.

Why people are forced to leave their homes ?

With rising temperatures, agriculture is very severely affected. Beyond a certain temperature, there is less yield and harvests are less qualitative. The scarcity of water and rising water levels in some countries in Africa and the Middle East make these populations more vulnerable and push them to leave their country. These people are fleeing to seek more stability as well as climate and economic security. Indeed climate migrants are also affected by economic problems because their livelihoods are thratened by the scarcity of resources, direct consequences of global warming.

Climatic migration in the world
Climatic migration in the world

According to a new World Bank study, the worsening effects of climate change in three densely populated regions of the world could push more than 140 million people to migrate within their own country by 2050.

 

Finding solutions to stop climatic migrations

However, this situation is not inevitable, if important measures and plans and efforts are made by international bodies, the number of internal environmental migrants could fall by 80% or 100 million people. This includes the significant reduction of greenhouse gases.

The report highlights outbreaks of emigration and climate migration, that is, precarious and climate-change-prone areas that are likely to experience large population outflows and territories that will need to accommodate these internal migrants in search of resources. of subsistence and a new life.

Solutions must therefore be found and adopted very quickly to preserve these areas, and thus avoid exile to thousands of people.

The reasons of climatic migration
The reasons of climatic migration